By agreeing to be an egg donor, a woman is agreeing to give her eggs to an individual or a couple that is unable to conceive. While some variation exists amongst the requirements for egg donors, some standard criteria exist. Some of these requirements are put in place for legal reasons and some are meant to increase the odds of a pregnancy occurring and sustaining itself. But all of these rules emphasize the safety of both the donor and the recipient. Egg donors need to be in excellent physical and mental health. They must also be at least 21 years of age in order to legally sign the contract independently, and egg donors typically cannot be over the age of 30, as women above this age range generally do not respond as well to fertility treatments. Older woman also have a higher risk of producing eggs that are unhealthy and subject to birth defects. Some programs only select women who have previously had successful pregnancies or successfully donated eggs, as they are believed to have a higher likelihood of being fertile and being emotionally ready to give up their eggs to another person. A woman should not donate her eggs if she abuses drugs or alcohol, is currently taking psychoactive medications, or suffers from a psychological disorder. Additionally, if the woman is in a state of elevated stress, an unstable relationship, or has not been treated for past sexual abuse, it is not advisable for her to donate eggs at this time.
It is imperative that the woman understands the process and is able to fully commit to each part of it. The egg donation process is quite lengthy and can significantly impact one’s daily life.
After applying to become a donor with a donation agency, a woman must undergo several visits to a doctor’s office for extensive screenings. These screenings include urine tests, physical and gynecological exams, blood tests, psychological analysis, and a family background check. The rights and responsibilities of the donor will be delivered by the donation agency. The donor is not accepted into the program without her explicit consent.
Once a woman has been accepted, the actual donation process can begin. First the donor begins a regimen of fertility drugs that are taken orally and with self-injections. These drugs cause the ovaries to release multiple eggs at a time. During this time the donor will have several visits to the doctor in order to monitor its progress. The eggs are then taken from the ovaries through a surgical procedure. The body will need to recover from the procedure. After this recovery, the donor’s job is finished. The donor is not considered to be the birth mother or the legal mother, as the donor waives those rights during the application and evaluation process. To learn more about egg donation in San Diego, please visit this website.