A surrogate is a woman who is uses her own uterus to carry an embryo for the purpose of giving birth to a baby that will be given to and raised by another individual or couple. The surrogate is acting as a vessel in which to house the developing baby. There are two main types of surrogacy: traditional and gestational.
With this method, the egg originates from surrogate’s ovaries. Sperm from the biological father is injected into her uterus using intrauterine insemination, or IUI, so that fertilization can take place. Consequently, the surrogate is the biological mother of the baby. This method is typically only used if the intended mother (the future parent) does not have healthy eggs.
A gestational surrogate does not provide her own eggs and therefore will not be considered to be the biological mother. The embryo is removed from the ovary of the biological mother and it is fertilized in a laboratory by using sperm from the biological father. Fertilization generally takes roughly three to five days, and then the fertilized embryo is placed inside the uterus of the surrogate using a process referred to as in vitro fertilization.
While these two primary types are distinctly different from each other, both involve a woman carrying a child that will be raised by an individual or couple who cannot have a fully biological child of their own. The two methods appear to be equally safe. To learn more about a surrogacy agency in San Diego, visit this website.